Sulfuric Acid - H2SO4

What is Sulfuric Acid?

Sulfuric Acid is a mineral acid with a chemical formula H2SO4. It is also known as Mattling acid or Oil of vitriol. It has a strong acidic nature and is corrosive. At higher concentrations, it acts as an oxidizing agent and dehydrating agent. It is a syrupy liquid which is odorless and has no color. It is water soluble and releases heat when dissolved in water. It is widely used in the manufacturing of fertilizers. It is also used in chemical synthesis and wastewater processes. Anhydrous sulfuric acid has a dielectric constant of around 100 and is a very polar liquid.

Properties of Sulfuric Acid – H2SO4

H2SO4 Sulfuric Acid
Molecular Weight/ Molar Mass 98.079 g/mol
Density 1.84 g/cm³
Boiling Point 337 °C
Melting Point 10 °C

Sulfuric Acid structure – H2SO4

Sulfuric Acid structure

H2SO4 Uses (Sulfuric Acid)

  • It is used in making fertilizers
  • It is used in the production of steel and iron
  • It is used in chemical manufacturing industries
  • It is used in petroleum refining
  • It is used to produce phosphoric acid
  • It used as a cleaning agent in industries to remove the rust from steel and iron
  • It is used as a catalyst to convert cyclohexanone oxime to caprolactam used to make nylon
  • It is used in lead-acid batteries as an electrolyte
  • It is used in making ammonium sulfate
  • It is used in storage batteries

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