Phosphate - PO<sub>4</sub><sup>3-</sup>

What is Phosphate (PO43-)?

PO43- is a chemical derivative of phosphoric acid with a chemical name Phosphate. It is also called Phosphate ion or Orthophosphate. It is a trivalent inorganic anion and a conjugate base of hydrogen phosphate. It is composed of a group of salts containing the phosphate ion, the dihydrogen phosphate ion, or the hydrogen phosphate ion. and positively charged ions such as calcium or sodium; another group composed of esters. It is naturally found in food, human bodies, and water. In the human body, it is present in bones, genes, teeth. Phosphate is found in many phosphate minerals. Morocco is the largest global exporter and producer of phosphates.

Properties of Phosphate – PO43-

PO43- Phosphate
Molecular Weight/ Molar Mass 94.97 g/mol
Hydrogen bond acceptor 4
Conjugate acid Hydrogen phosphate
Heavy Atom Count 5

Phosphate structure (PO43- Structure)

Phosphate structure

Phosphate (PO43- ) Uses

  • It is used in toothpaste as a polishing agent.
  • It is used in pharmaceuticals and personal products.
  • Tricalcium phosphate is used in the toothpaste as a conditioning agent which helps the paste flow freely out of the tube.
  • It is used in fire extinguishers.
  • It is used in institutional and industrial cleaners.

Study in-depth about the Structure, physical and chemical properties of Phosphate (PO43-) from the experts at BYJU’S.

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