NaHCO3 - Sodium Bicarbonate

What is Sodium bicarbonate?

Sodium bicarbonate or Sodium hydrogen carbonate has a monoclinic crystalline structure. Nicolas Leblanc a French chemist produced sodium carbonate in the year 1791. In the year 1846 Austin Church and John Dwight, bakers of New York started the first factory to produce baking soda. It is a white solid crystalline chemical compound usually in its powder form. This salt is composed of sodium ions and bicarbonate ions. Its molecular formula is NaHCO3. It is a weak base. It is commonly called as baking soda and is used in cooking. PH value is about 8.31.

Properties of Sodium bicarbonate NaHCO3

Sodium bicarbonate Chemical formula


Molecular Weight/ Molar Mass

84.0066 g/ mol


Solids: 2.20 g/cm3

Powder: 1.1 – 1.3

Boiling Point

851 °C

Melting Point

50 °C

Sodium Bicarbonate Structure (NaHCO3)


Sodium Bicarbonate uses

  • It is used as a pest control to kill cockroaches and controlling fungal growth
  • It is used as an disinfectant
  • It is used to protect armpits from bad smell and irritation
  • It is used in cooking especially to bake food items
  • It is used in medicine to be injected intravenously to prevention of chemotherapy side effects
  • It is used to wash kitchen products due to its antibacterial properties
  • It is used to have clean teeth and mouth

Learn more about the chemical behavior and importance of Sodium bicarbonate with the expert faculties at BYJU’S.

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