Essay on Election

500+ Words Essay on Election

Elections have become the most visible symbol of the democratic process. With the help of the election process, citizens choose their representatives. These representatives govern and administer the country. The method followed to choose these representatives is referred to as an election. Citizens are not directly involved in running the administration and making policies. They are indirectly involved in it. Citizens have the right to vote and with which they choose their representatives. With the help of this essay on elections, we will understand the basic fundamentals of elections. It will include answers to questions like who is eligible to vote, who is eligible to contest? Who is to supervise elections? How do the voters choose their representatives? How are the votes to be counted and representatives elected?

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Essay on Election

Elections are held in India to elect members of the Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha, Vidhan Sabhas (State Legislative Assemblies), Vidhan Parishad (Legislative Councils), and President and the Vice-President of India. The Elections are also conducted for local bodies such as Panchayati Raj, Municipal Corporations and Municipalities.

Who is Eligible to Vote?

Elections give an opportunity to every Indian citizen to participate in the process of government formation. People who have attained the age of 18 or more are eligible to vote in these elections. The right to vote is for everyone, irrespective of their caste, sex, religion, colour, or place of birth.

Who is Eligible to Contest Vote?

All citizens have the right to stand for election and become the representative of the people. However, there are different minimum age requirements for contesting elections. For contesting Lok Sabha or Assembly elections, a candidate must be at least 25 years old.

Election System of India

The Election Commission of India is responsible for superintendence, direction and control of all elections. It conducts elections to both the Houses of Parliament and State Legislatures and for the offices of the President and Vice-President. Besides, it is also responsible for the preparation, revision, updation and maintenance of lists of voters. It also performs many other functions related to elections.

In India, we follow a specific method of elections. The entire country is divided into 543 constituencies. Each constituency elects one representative, and the candidate who secures the highest number of votes in that constituency is declared elected. In the electoral race, the candidate who is ahead of others, who crosses the winning post, first of all, is the winner. Several efforts have been made in India to ensure a free and fair election system and process. The most important among these is the creation of an independent Election Commission to ‘supervise and conduct’ elections. The election system in India is impartial and transparent.

Elections and the elected representative make democracy effective and trustworthy in India. The election system has allowed the voters not only to freely choose representatives but also to change governments peacefully both at the State and national level. The social composition of representatives has changed gradually. Now, representatives come from many different social sections. Elections have become part and parcel of democratic life. No one can imagine a situation where a government would disrespect the verdict of an election. Similarly, no one can imagine that a government would be formed without holding elections. In fact, the regularity and periodicity of elections have earned fame for India as a great democratic experiment.

Students must have found this essay on “Election” helpful for improving their essay writing skills. They can get the study material and latest update on CBSE/ICSE/State Board/Competitive Exams, at BYJU’S.

Frequently asked Questions on Election Essay

Are elections held for local bodies in India?

Yes, elections are held for local bodies such as Panchayati Raj, Municipal Corporations and Municipilaties.

What is the minimum age eligibility for voting in India?

The minimum age for an Indian citizen to cast vote in India is 18 years.

Why is it essential to conduct elections?

In a democratic country, all citizens must be given the choice and right to choose the government. This takes place via elections and thus it is necessary.

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