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Question

# 1. The earth rotates on its axis from ___________ to ____________ 2. The axis of the earth is inclined at an angle of ___________ 3. The variation in the length of days and nights is due to _____________ on the earth's axis. 4. The earth's orbit around the sun is __________ in shape.

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Solution

## 1. The correct answer is west to east. Explanation: West to east is the direction in which the Earth rotates on its axis. 2. The correct answer is 66.5 degrees. Explanation: The axis of the Earth is not a straight line. It is inclined at an angle of 66.5 degrees. This causes varying lengths of day and night in both the hemispheres. 3) The correct answer is inclination . Explanation: The Earth's axis is inclined at an angle of 66.5 degrees. This causes varying lengths of day and night in both the hemispheres. 4)The correct answer is elliptical . Explanation: Due to the elliptical shape of the orbit, the Earth does not remain equidistant from the Sun throughout the year. There arises situations of aphelion and perihelion.

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