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Question

# 10 moles of oxygen (O2) gas is being expanded in a container, maintained at a constant pressure, by supplying 500J of heat. What is the rise in the gas' temperature? Assume the atoms do not oscillate along the bond axis, and the gas is pretty much ideal

A

1.72 K

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B

24.7 K

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C

2.35 K

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D

8.64 K

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Solution

## The correct option is A 1.72 K The oxygen molecules can undergo translational motion in three unique dissections (along x, y and z axes), and rotate about two different axes (as encountered in the previous problem). It, therefore, has five degrees of freedom in total. Since, according to the equipartition theorem, CV=[number of degrees of freedom2]×R, and we already know, CP−CV=R, We can write CP as - CP=CV+R = 52R+R = 72R. ∴Q=nCPΔT ⇒ ΔT=QnCP ⇒ ΔT=[50010×72×8.314]K ⇒ ΔT=1.72 K.

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