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Question

 Illustrate the taxonomical hierarchy with suitable examples of a plant and an animal.


Solution

The arrangement of various taxa in hierarchical order is called taxonomic hierarchy.
In this hierarchy, species is present at the lowest level whereas kingdom is present at the highest level.

Classification of a plant
As an example, let us classify Solanum melongena (Brinjal).
Kingdom – Plantae
Division   – Angiospermae
Class      – Dicotyledonae
Order      – Solanales
Family     – Solanaceae
Genus     – Solanum
Species   – melongena

Classification of an animal
As an example, let us classify Columba livia (Blue rock Dove).
Kingdom – Animalia
Phylum   – Chordata
Class      – Aves
Order     – Columbiformes
Family    – Columbidae
Genus    – Columba
Species  – Livia


Biology
NCERT Textbook
Standard XI

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