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Question

A 50-turn circular coil of radius 2.0 cm carrying a current of 5.0 A is rotated in a magnetic field of strength 0.20 T. (a) What is the maximum torque that acts on the coil? (b) In a particular position of the coil, the torque acting on it is half of this maximum. What is the angle between the magnetic field and the plane of the coil?

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Solution

Given:
No. of turns of the coil, n = 50
Magnetic field intensity, B = 0.20 T = 2 × 10−1 T
Radius of the coil, r = 0.02 m = 2 × 10−2 m
Magnitude of current =5 A
Torque acting on the coil,
τ = niABsinθ
Here, A is the area of the coil and θ is the angle between the area vector and the magnetic field.
τ is maximum when θ = 90°.
τmax = niABsin90°
= 50 × 5 × 3.14 × 4 × 10−4 × 2 × 10−1
= 6.28 × 10−2 N-m
Given, τ = 12×τmaxsinθ = 12 θ = 30°
So, the angle between the magnetic field and the plane of the coil = 90° − 30° = 60°

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