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Question

A body is travelling with uniform acceleration and travels 84m in the first 6seconds and 180m in the next 5seconds. Find the initial velocity and acceleration of the body.


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Solution

Step1: Given data

A body is travelling with uniform acceleration and travels 84 m in the first 6 seconds and 180 m in the next 5 seconds.

Step 2: Formula used

The motion of an object in one dimension is defined by three equations of motion. They're utilized to calculate displacement, velocity, and acceleration components. The second law of motion establishes the relationship between a body's displacement, starting velocity, time taken, and acceleration.

s=ut+12at2[wheres=displacement,u=initialvelocity,t=time,a=acceleration]

Step 3: Calculating the initial velocity and acceleration

Let initial velocity be u and a is acceleration.

According to the given data, the first distance covered by the body is 84 m in 6 seconds. s1=84m,t1=6s

Then the body covers the next 180 m in 5 seconds.s2=180m,t2=5s

Therefore the net displacement and total time will be,

snet=s1+s2=84+180=264mttotat=t1+t2=6+5=11s

Displacement covered in 6 seconds will be,

s=ut+12at284=u×6+12a×(6)2...............(i)

Displacement covered in 11seconds will be,

s=ut+12at2264=u×11+12a×(11)2...............(ii)

On solving equations (i) and (ii)

we will get, u=2m/sanda=4m/s2

Hence, the initial velocity will be 2m/sand the acceleration will be 4m/s2.


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