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Question

A country is in a stage where healthcare facilities are accessible to all people, but the people lack the education related to birth control. If this problem is solved, the country will advance to the next stage of the theory of demographic transition.

In which stage is this country?

A
The country is in the backward stage because there is low birth and death rates.
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B
The country is in the developing stage because there is a high birth rate and a low death rate.
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C
The country is in the developed stage because there is low birth and death rates.
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D
The country is in the backward stage because there is high birth and death rates.
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Solution

The correct option is B The country is in the developing stage because there is a high birth rate and a low death rate.
The countries in the developing stage of the theory of demographic transition have a high birth rate and a low death rate. Therefore, there is high population growth. The availability of and access to healthcare reduces death rate. However, there is no control on birth rate. If the problem of high birth rate is solved, the country will reach the developed stage of the theory of demographic transition.

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