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Question

# A fruit (mass =50g) falls from a tree because of gravitational attraction between the earth and the fruit. Which of the following statements is true if x is the force exerted by the earth on the fruit and y is the force exerted by the fruit on the earth?

A
x is much greater than y
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B
x and y are equal
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C
y is greater than x
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D
y is equal to zero
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Solution

## The correct option is B x and y are equalGravitational force is a mutual attraction between two bodies. F=Gm1m2r2 where m1 and m2 are the masses of the two bodies and r the distance between them. The body m1 attracts the body m2 with a force F towards it and vice-versa.Hence x and y will be equal but acting in opposite directions.

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