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Question

A girl is carrying a school bag of 3kg mass on her back and moves 200m on a levelled road. The work done against the gravitational force will be (g=10ms-2)


A

6×103J

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B

6J

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C

0.6J

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D

zero

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Solution

The correct option is D

zero


Step 1: Given data

Mass of the bag (m) = 3kg

Displacement of the girl (S) = 200m

Step 2: Formula used

W=FScosθ, where W is the work done, F is the force acting on the body, S is its displacement and θ is the angle between the direction of force and the displacement vector.

Step 3: Calculate the weight of the bag

The weight of the bag will be =m×g

=3×10=30N

Step 4: Calculate work done

The formula for work done is: W=F·Scosθ, which can be written as W=mg·Scosθ, since the force here will be the weight of the bag.

Here, the weight acts in the vertically downward direction while displacement is in the horizontal direction.

Since the displacement of the girl is in the perpendicular direction to the weight of the bag, then θ=90°.

Now, on substituting the given values in the formula, we get:

W=30·200·cos(90°)W=30·200·0W=0J

Hence, option (D) is correct.


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