1
You visited us 1 times! Enjoying our articles? Unlock Full Access!
Question

# A magnetic field set up using Helmholtz coils (described in Exercise 4.16) is uniform in a small region and has a magnitude of 0.75 T. In the same region, a uniform electrostatic field is maintained in a direction normal to the common axis of the coils. A narrow beam of (single species) charged particles all accelerated through 15 kV enters this region in a direction perpendicular to both the axis of the coils and the electrostatic field. If the beam remains undeflected when the electrostatic field is 9.0 × 10−5 V m−1, make a simple guess as to what the beam contains. Why is the answer not unique?

Open in App
Solution

## Magnetic field, B = 0.75 T Accelerating voltage, V = 15 kV = 15 × 103 V Electrostatic field, E = 9 × 105 V m−1 Mass of the electron = m Charge of the electron = e Velocity of the electron = v Kinetic energy of the electron = eV Since the particle remains undeflected by electric and magnetic fields, we can infer that the electric field is balancing the magnetic field. Putting equation (2) in equation (1), we get This value of specific charge e/m is equal to the value of deuteron or deuterium ions. This is not a unique answer. Other possible answers are He++, Li++, etc.

Suggest Corrections
0
Join BYJU'S Learning Program
Related Videos
Charge Motion in a Magnetic Field
PHYSICS
Watch in App
Explore more
Join BYJU'S Learning Program