CameraIcon
CameraIcon
SearchIcon
MyQuestionIcon
MyQuestionIcon
Question

A manufacturer has three machine operators A, B and C. The first operator A produces 1% defective items, where as the other two operators B and C produce 5% and 7% defective items respectively. A is on the job for 50% of the time, B is on the job for 30% of the time and C is on the job for 20% of the time. A defective item is produced, what is the probability that was produced by A?

Open in App
Solution

Let P( A ), P( B ) P( C ) and P( D ) be the probabilities that are defined below,

The probability that the item produced by operation A is P( A ).

The probability that the item produced by operation B is P( B ).

The probability that the item produced by operation C is P( C )

The probability that the item is defective is P( D ).

Find the probability that the item is produced by operation A if it is defective that is P( A D ),

P( A D )= P( A )P( D A ) P( A )P( D A )+P( B )P( D B )+P( C )P( D C ) (1)

Given that,

P( A )=50% = 1 2

The probability of a defective item produced by operation A is,

P( D A )=1% =0.01

P( B )=30% =0.3

The probability of a defective item produced by operation B is,

P( D B )=5% =0.05

P( C )=20% =0.2

The probability of a defective item produced by operation C is,

P( D C )=7% =0.07

Put these values in equation (1),

P( A D )= 0.5×0.01 0.5×0.01+0.3×0.05+0.2×0.07 = 0.005 0.034 = 5 34

Thus, the required probability is 5 34 .


flag
Suggest Corrections
thumbs-up
1
BNAT
mid-banner-image
similar_icon
Similar questions