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Question

A steady electric current is flowing through a cylindrical conductor.
(a) The electric field at the axis of the conductor is zero.
(b) The magnetic field at the axis of the conductor is zero.
(c) The electric field in the vicinity of the conductor is zero.
(d) The magnetic field in the vicinity of the conductor is zero.

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Solution

(b) The magnetic field at the axis of the conductor is zero.
(c) The electric field in the vicinity of the conductor is zero.
As the current is flowing through a conductor so it it is distributed only on the surface of the conductor not in the volume of the cylindrical conductor. It is equivalent to charge distribution on a cylindrical sheet for which electric field inside a conducting cylindrical sheet is always zero.
Magnetic fields at any point inside the conducting cylinder is proportional to the distance from the axis of the cylinder.
At the axis, r = 0. This implies that field will be zero at the axis.

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