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Question

A table with smooth horizontal surface is placed in a cabin which moves in a circle of a large radius R (figure 7-E5). A smooth pulley of small radius is fastened to the table. Two masses m and 2m placed on the table are connected through a string going over the pulley. Initially the masses are held by a person with the strings along the outwards radius and then the system is released from rest (with respect to the cabin). Find the magnitude of the initial acceleration of the masses as seen from the cabin and tension in the string.

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Solution

Let the bigger mass accelerates towards right with 'a'. From the freebody diagrams,

Tmamω2R=0 ...(i)

T+2ma2mω2R=0 ...(ii)

Eq. (i) - Eq. (ii)

3 ma=mω2R

a=ω2R3

Substituting the value of 'a' in Equation (i)

We get, T=43mω2R.


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