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A very 1. _________ number of our people defecate in the open. It may cause 2. _________ pollution and soil pollution. Both the surface water and 3. _________ water get polluted. 4. _________ water is the source for wells, tubewells and 5. _________. Thus it becomes the most common route for 6. _________ borne diseases like 7. _________, dysentery, etc.


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Solution

Water Pollution: -

  1. Water contamination occurs when pollutants contaminate water sources and render the water unfit for use in drinking, cooking, cleaning, swimming, and other activities.
  2. Chemicals, garbage, bacteria, and parasites are examples of pollutants. Water is eventually contaminated by all types of pollution.

Water pollution prevention:-

  1. We are just now becoming aware of the fact that worldwide water wasting is a serious problem. Simple household adjustments that you can make will have a significant impact. Water pollution is significantly decreased when garbage is treated before being dumped in a body of water.
  2. By lowering its hazardous level, this wastewater can be used again in agriculture or other sectors. We can lessen the quantity of water pollution a household produces by using soluble goods that do not later develop into pollutants.

Soil Pollution: -

  1. When abnormally high amounts of harmful compounds are present in the soil, it is referred to as soil pollution. Given the numerous health risks it contains, it is a severe environmental concern.
  2. For instance, exposure to soil with high benzene concentrations increases the risk of developing leukaemia.

Soil pollution prevention: -

  1. Polluted soils are dug up and then transported to far-off, unpopulated areas. Thermal remediation is used to remove pollutants by forcing them into the vapour phase, where they can then be collected via a process called vapour extraction.
  2. Utilizing microorganisms and plants to clean up contaminated soil is known as bioremediation or phytoremediation. Fungi are used in mycoremediation to help heavy metal pollutants build up.

Final answer: A very 1.large number of our people defecate in the open. It may cause 2.water pollution and soil pollution. Both the surface water and 3. groundwater get polluted. 4. Groundwater is the source for wells, tube-wells and 5..hand pumps. Thus it becomes the most common route for 6. water-borne diseases like 7. cholera, dysentery, etc.


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