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Question

# (A) Write with the help of a diagram the principle of a potentionmeter.(B) Using a potentionmeter how do you determine the internal resistance of a cell?

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Solution

## A. PrincipleofPotentiometer : The potential difference between a current carring conductor is directly proportional to length of the conductor. B. Figure shows the arrangement for the measurement for measuring the internal resistance of a battery. Let the emf of the battery be E1 and its internal resistance be r. A known resistance R is connected across the battery together with the plug key K. The plug key K is opened and the balance point P is searched on the wire AB so that there is no deflection in the galvanometer. As the key is open, there is no current through the battery and the potential difference across the terminals of the battery is the same as the emf E1 of the battery. If AY1=l, we have E1=lL×Vo .......................(i) With the symbols having their usual meanings.Now the key is closed and the new balance point Y2 is searched. There is a current i=E1(R+r) through the battery.The potential between the terminals of the battery is then,iR=E1×R(R+r)If AY2=m,E1×R(R+r)=(m/L)×Vo.........(ii) Dividing (ii) by (i),⇒r=R×(l−m)m

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