Question

# Account on the statement:Ethylamine is soluble in water, whereas aniline is insoluble.

Open in App
Solution

## Ethylamine is soluble in water, whereas aniline is insoluble. This is because:(1)Ethylamine is capable of forming hydrogen bonds with water as it is soluble but aniline the bulk carbon prevents the formation of effective hydrogen bonding and is not soluble. Ethylamine (${\mathrm{C}}_{2}{\mathrm{H}}_{5}{\mathrm{NH}}_{2}$)in addition to water forms intermolecular H−bonds with water. It is soluble in the water.(2)Aniline(${\mathrm{C}}_{6}{\mathrm{H}}_{5}{\mathrm{NH}}_{2}$) does not undergo H−bonding with water to a very considerable extent due to the existence of a large hydrophobic $-{\mathrm{C}}_{6}{\mathrm{H}}_{5}$ group. Hence, aniline is insoluble in water.

Suggest Corrections
1
Explore more