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Question

Antibiotic resistance is passed from one bacterium to the other by the process of ______.
  1. Chemotherapy
  2. Cloning
  3. Restriction digestion
  4. Conjugation


Solution

The correct options are
B Cloning
D Conjugation
Antibiotic resistance can be passed on from one bacterium to another by cell replication, which in case of bacteria can be considered cloning. This is because bacteria reproduce by asexual reproduction i.e. it involves only one parent. Bacteria can also pass on their characteristics by transferring genes via a conjugation bridge formed between two bacteria by the process of conjugation.

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