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Arjun and Karna had an archery competition where they had to shoot a target board with 7 concurrent circles dividing the board into 8 concurrent circular strips. Score for each outcome decreases by unity with the centermost circle having a score of 8. Dronacharya had difficulty in deciding who the winner was after the scores were recorded. Calculate the mean deviation of the score of the innermost circle so as to decide who the winner is assuming the winner is less deviated from the bulls eye.

Points87654321Arjun(fi)571423111043karana(fi)58112414853

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Solution

Let xi be a score of ith circle strip from the center.

Absolute deviation of ith strip= |i-8| = 8-i.

Deviations for Arjun Karna would be

Deviation01234567Arjun(fi)571423111043karana(fi)58112414853
Sum of Absolute deviation for Arjun = 8i=1fi|i8|
=5(0) + 8(1) + 11(2) + 24(3) + 14(4) + 8(5) + 5(6) + 3(7) = 320
Mean Deviation about score 8 for Arjun = 8i=1fi|i8|8i=1fi=22077=2.85
Mean Deviation about score for Karana = 8i=1fi|i8|8i=1fi=32077=3.2

From the mean deviation, we can see Arjun was less deviated from the central spot of the target compared to Karna. Therefore, the winner is Arjun.


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