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Question

Assertion: 3 + 7 = 9 is a statement.
Reason: A sentence that can be judged to be true or false, but not both, is called a statement.
(a) Both Assertion and Reason are true and Reason is a correct explanation of Assertion.
(b) Both Assertion and Reason are true but Reason is not a correct explanation of Assertion.
(c) Assertion is true and Reason is false.
(d) Assertion is false and Reason is true.


Solution

(a) Both Assertion and Reason are true and Reason is a correct explanation of Assertion.

3+7=9 is obviously false and this is a statement.
Using the laws of natural numbers, this statement can be proved to be false. 

Thus, 3+7=9 is a statement since this statement is false, and it is not true at the same time.

Thus, Reason and Assertion are true, and the Reason is a correct explanation of the Assertion.

Mathematics
RS Aggarwal (2017)
Standard IX

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