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Assertion (A) Phenols give o-and p-nitrophenol on nitration with conc. HNO3 and H2SO4 mixture.
Reason (R) - OH group in phenol is o-,p-directing.
(a) Assertion and reason both are correct and reason is correct explanation of assertion.
(b) Assertion and reason both are wrong statements.
(c) Assertion is correct statement but reason is wrong statement.
(d) Assertion is wrong statement but reason is correct statement.
(e) Both assertion and reason are correct statements but reason is not correct explanation of assertion.

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Solution

Answer: (d). The assertion is a wrong statement but the reason is a correct statement.
Correct Assertion (A): Phenols reacts with conc. HNO3 , it gives 2,4, 6-trinitrophenol and

reaction with dil. HNO3 to give ortho- and para-nitrophenol at 298 K.


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