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Question

Assertion [A]: When the civil service exams started, all the superior positions were only given to the British.

Reason [R]: The British considered Indians less competent and corrupt.

Read the above given statements carefully and select the option that is true.

A
Both A and R are true, and R is the correct explanation of A.
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B
Both A and R are true, but R is not the correct explanation of A.
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C
A is true, but R is false.
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D
A is false, but R is true.
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Solution

The correct option is A Both A and R are true, and R is the correct explanation of A.
Lord Cornwallis introduced the concept of civil services in India. From 1853 onwards, civil service examinations were conducted to fill positions in the British East India Company. Most of the superior posts were given to the British, as they questioned the competency of an Indian workforce. Lord Cornwallis also claimed that “All the natives of Hindustan are corrupt.” Thus, Indians were given only lower grade jobs.

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