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Assertion :Carbon and its compounds used as fuels for most applications. Reason: When carbon is heated in presence of excess of air or oxygen, it forms carbon dioxide. During its formation, a large amount of heat and light are released. Further, once ignited, carbon and its compounds keep on burning without needing additional heat energy.

A
Both Assertion and Reason are correct and Reason is the correct explanation for Assertion.
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B
Both Assertion and Reason are correct but Reason is not the correct explanation for Assertion.
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C
Assertion is correct but Reason is incorrect.
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D
Both Assertion and Reason are incorrect.
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Solution

The correct option is A Both Assertion and Reason are correct and Reason is the correct explanation for Assertion.
Carbon and its compounds have maximum number of carbon and hydrogen, which makes them of high calorific value. Thus, most of the carbon compounds release high amount of energy. This is the cause that carbon and its compounds are used as fuels for most applications.

Option A is correct.

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