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Question

Assertion :Due to catenation a large number of carbon compounds are formed. Reason: Carbon compounds show the property of allotropy.


A
Both Assertion and Reason are correct and Reason is the correct explanation for Assertion
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B
Both Assertion and Reason are correct but Reason is not the correct explanation for Assertion
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C
Assertion is correct but Reason is incorrect
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D
Both Assertion and Reason are incorrect
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Solution

The correct option is B Both Assertion and Reason are correct but Reason is not the correct explanation for Assertion
Catenation is the linkage of atoms of the same element into longer chains. Catenation occurs most readily in carbon, which forms covalent bonds with other carbon atoms to form longer chains and structures. 
Due to the catenation property carbon forms a large number of allotropes like a diamond, graphite, lamp black, etc.
Thus, both Assertion and the Reason is correct but the Reason is not the correct explanation of the Assertion.

Chemistry

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