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Assertion :Myelin sheath insulates nerve fibre and prevents its depolarization Reason: Nerve impulses are conducted more rapidly in non-myelinated fibres than myelinated ones


A
Both Assertion and Reason are correct and Reason is the correct explanation for Assertion
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B
Both Assertion and Reason are correct but Reason is not the correct explanation for Assertion
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C
Assertion is correct but Reason is incorrect
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D
Both Assertion and Reason are incorrect
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Solution

The correct option is C Assertion is correct but Reason is incorrect
In non-myelinated nerve fibres, the ionic changes are repeated over the membrane all along the length of the fibre. So, the action potential flows all along the membrane over the entire length of the fibre. But in myelinated fibres, the ionic changes and the consequent depolarisation can take place only at the nodes of Ranvier free from myelin sheath, because the myelin sheath between the nodes insulates the fibre and prevents its depolarisation. So, the action potential in effect jumps from one node to the next.This is called saltatory conduction of nerve impulses. Because of this, nerve impulses do not have to run all along the myelinated nerve fibre. This is why nerve impulses are conducted far more rapidly in myelinated fibres than in the non - myelinated ones.
Hence, the correct answer is (C)

Biology

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