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Question

Assertion :No two species can occupy the same ecological niche in a habitat.


Reason: A habitat can contain only one ecological niche.

A
Both Assertion and Reason are correct and Reason is the correct explanation for Assertion
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B
Both Assertion and Reason are correct but Reason is not the correct explanation for Assertion
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C
Assertion is correct but Reason is incorrect
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D
Both Assertion and Reason are incorrect
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Solution

The correct option is C Assertion is correct but Reason is incorrect
The place where an organism lives is called its habitat. Habitats are characterized by conspicuous physical features, which may include the dominant forms of plant and animal life. Habitat may also refer to the place occupied by an entire biological community. For example, a large number of species are found in a forest habitat.
On the other hand, the ecological niche of an organism represents:
(i) the range of conditions it can tolerate (ii) the resources it utilizes, and (iii) its functional role in the ecological system. A habitat can contain many ecological niches and support a variety of species. Each species has a distinct niche, and no two species are believed to occupy exactly the same niche.

So, the correct answer is 'Assertion is correct but Reason is incorrect'.


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