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Question

Briefly explain the process of digestion in the small intestine.

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Solution

  • After the food is partially digested in the stomach, it enters the small intestine for further breakdown.
  • Small intestine is the site for the complete digestion of food and receives the secretion from the liver and pancreas.
  • Liver secretes bile juice that helps in the breakdown of large fat droplets into the smaller one.
  • The pancreas secretes pancreatic juices which help in the breakdown of carbohydrates and proteins into simpler forms.
  • Walls of the small intestine secretes intestinal juice which breaks down carbohydrates into glucose, proteins into amino acids and fats into fatty acids and glycerol.

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