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Question

Choose the correct relation regarding potential. Here A, B, C and D all are at equal distance from point O, figure. Then ( Assume the dipole to be short)

A
|VA|=|VB| > |VC|=|VD|
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B
|VC|=|VD| > |VA|=|VB|
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C
|VA| > |VC| = |VD| > |VB|
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D
|VC| > |VB| = |VD| > |VB|
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Solution

The correct option is A |VA|=|VB| > |VC|=|VD|
As is clear from figure, A, B lie on axial line and C, D lie on equatorial line of dipole.

|VA|=|VB| and ||VC|=|VD||
As potential on axial line is higher and on equatorial line, V = 0, therefore, out of given choices, most appropriate is |VA|=|VB| > |VC|=|VD|.

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