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Question

Choose the correct statement out of the following.
  1. Catenation is the property of self-linking of atoms of an element to form chains and rings.
  2. Carbon atoms are trivalent.
  3. Carbon can form single, double or triple ionic bonds in its compounds.
  4. Carbon can gain, lose or share electrons to form bonds.


Solution

The correct option is A Catenation is the property of self-linking of atoms of an element to form chains and rings.
a) Catenation is the property of self-linking of atoms of an element to form chains and rings.
b) Carbon atoms are tetravalent, i.e. they have a valency of 4.
c) Carbon atoms can form single, double or triple covalent bonds.
d) Carbon atoms cannot gain or lose electrons but share electrons to form covalent bonds.
Hence, a is the correct statement.
 

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