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Consider the following statements:

1. President of India is vested with Absolute Veto and Qualified Veto.

2. President of India appoints the CAG without consulting the Prime Minister as CAG is a constitutional office.

Which of these statements is/are incorrect?


Only 1

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Only 2

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The correct option is C


Veto Power of the President

The President of India is vested with the following three types of veto power.

1. Absolute Veto 2. Suspensive Veto

3. Pocket Veto.

Absolute Veto:

It refers to the power of the President to withhold his assent to a bill passed by the Parliament. The bill then ends and does not become an act. Usually, this veto is exercised in the following two cases:

Suspensive Veto:

The President exercises this veto when he returns a bill for reconsideration of the Parliament. However, if the bill is passed again by the Parliament with or without amendments and again presented to the President, it is obligatory for the President to give his assent to the bill. This means that the President veto is overridden by a re-passage of the bill by the same ordinary majority (and not a higher majority as required for Qualified Veto in U.S.A.).

The President does not possess this veto in the case of Money bills.

Pocket Veto:

In this case, the President neither ratifies nor rejects nor returns the bill, but simply keeps the bill pending for an indefinite period. This power of the President not to take any action (either positive or negative) on the bill is known as the Pocket Veto. The President can exercise this veto power as the Constitution does not prescribe any time-limit within which he has to take the decision with respect to a bill presented to him for his assent.

It should be noted here that the President has no veto power in respect of a Constitutional Amendment Bill. The 24th Constitutional Amendment Act of 1971 made it obligatory for the President to give his assent to a constitutional amendment bill.

Article 148 says that the Comptroller and Auditor-General of India is appointed by the President of India following a recommendation by the Prime Minister. On appointment, he/she has to make an oath or affirmation before the President of India. And he can be removed from office in a manner and on grounds like Judge of a Supreme Court.

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