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Question

Consider the following statements.
A. In India, cropland occupies 57% of total area.
B. Pastures account for 56% area in Australia
C. About 23rd area in Japan is under forests.
What should be understood from the above statements?


  1. India has an efficient land use system while most of the land in Australia and Japan is rendered waste.

  2. India has subsistence agricultural economy, animal husbandry is the mainstay of the economy in Australia and forestry is the main activity in Japan.

  3. Most of the cultivation in Australia is confined to small proportion and most of the land is used for grazing. Japan has conserved its forest resources.

  4. India has faulty land used system, Australia has extensive land use and Japan has small cultivable land.


Solution

The correct option is B

India has subsistence agricultural economy, animal husbandry is the mainstay of the economy in Australia and forestry is the main activity in Japan.


Agriculture plays a vital role in India’s economy. Over 58 percent of the rural households depend on agriculture as their principal means of livelihood. Agriculture, along with fisheries and forestry, is one of the largest contributors to the economy of the country. In Australia, animal husbandry is a major occupation and the cattle feed is derived from pastures i.e fodder and grazing. Since two-thirds of Japan is under forest cover, Japan focuses on preserving their existing forests and afforestation.

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