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Question

Consider the following statements about Mughal administration.
  1. It was mainly militarized in character.
  2. It was decentralized with kingdom divided into provinces and mansabdars in charge of these provinces.
  3. It was strictly carried according Islamic laws.
Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?
  1. Only 1 and 2
  2. Only 2 and 3    
  3. All of the Above
  4. Only 1


Solution

The correct option is D Only 1
The Mughal state was essentially military in nature where the word of the emperor was law. The administrative structure was highly centralized. The development of Mughal administration was primarily the work of Akbar. The ideas and principles on which it evolved were different from those of the Delhi Sultanate. And Akhbar introduced secular administration
Monarchy was the prevalent political institution with supreme authority vested in the head of the state. As such, the emperor was the head of the administrative structure. Both Babur and Humayun followed the Islamic theory of kingship but Akbar differed from them in his concept of royalty. While Babur adopted Zil-ul-atlah Filarz or ‘Shadow of God on earth’, Akbar changed it as Farri-i-Zidi or ‘The height of the God’; Akbar’s concept of sovereignty makes him linked to God directly

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