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Question

Consider these two equations:
(i) HNO3(aq) + H2O(l) H3O+(aq) + NO3 (aq)
(ii) NH3(g) + HCl(g) NH+4(s) + Cl (s)
Which of the following statements is/are correct?

A
Cl s a Bronsted-Lowry base
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B
H+ is a Bronsted-Lowry base
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C
CH3COOH is a Bronsted-Lowry base
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D
None of the above
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Solution

The correct option is B Cl s a Bronsted-Lowry base
An Arrenhius acid releases H+ ions while an Arrenhius base is a substance that releases OH ions in an aqueous solution.
HNO3 releases H+ ions and hence, it acts as an Arrenhius acid.
A Bronsted-Lowry acid is a H+ ion donor while a Bronsted-Lowry base is a H+ ion acceptor.
NH3 acts a Bronsted Lowry base as it accepts a hydrogen ion to form NH+4.

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