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Question

Deficiency of ________ results in skin Lesions and Albinism.


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Solution

Melanin:

  1. Melanin is generally responsible for skin coloration & is an effective absorber of light.
  2. It is also able to dissipate over 99.9% of absorbed UV radiation.
  3. This is the reason why lighter-skinned people generally have more chances of suffering from skin cancer when compared to other people with darker skin.
  4. Melanin is also present in the cells of the epidermis.
  5. Albinism is an inherited disease characterized by a substantially lower rate of melanin production.
  6. Melanin is the pigment responsible for the color of the skin, hair, and eyes.
  7. People with albinism have lighter colored skin & hair than other members of their family or ethnic group.
  8. Albinism also results from a mutation in one of several genes.
  9. Vitiligo occurs due to melanin deficiency causing skin lesions.

Final answer: Deficiency of melanin results in skin lesions and albinism.


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