Describe in brief the structure and function of placenta.
Placenta refers to the temporary vascular organ found in mammals, which attaches the fetus to the uterus of the mother during pregnancy. The placenta attaches to the wall of the uterus, and the baby's umbilical cord arises from it.
The placenta is defined as an organ that develops during pregnancy in mammals. The placenta provides oxygen and nutrients to the growing fetus in the uterus of the mother and also removes waste products from the baby's blood.
Structure of placenta:-
The placenta in mammals is divided into two types, namely the yolk sac placenta and chorioallantoic placenta. The placenta is also rich in blood vessels. The placenta is formed by the chorion and the uterine tissue.
Both maternal and embryonic tissue is found in the placenta. The chorion is the embryonic part of the placenta. Chorion is made up of trophoblast, which is created following implantation by the growth of cells. The chorion is formed from the trophoblasts and produces a finger-like structure known as the chorion villa. These villi are part of embryonic trophoblast cells and are surrounded by maternal blood. The intervillous space is the area between the maternal blood and the villi.
Characteristics of the placenta:-
Functions of placenta