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Question

Draw a well labelled diagram of eukaryotic nucleus. How is it different from nucleoid?

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Solution

Part 1: Labelled Diagram:

The diagram of a eukaryotic nucleus is as follows:



Part 2: Difference between eukaryotic nucleus and nucleoid:

  1. Nucleus in the eukaryotic cell is a membrane bound structure which contains the genetic material in the cell. ​
  2. Nulceoid is the circular genetic material present in the prokaryotic cell which is not bound by any membrane structure.
Eukaryotic nucleus Nucleoid
1. Eukaryotic nucleus is a membrane enclosed cellular organelle, which is found in eukaryotes.1. Nucleoid represents a non-membranous compartment of the prokaryotic cell.
2. It is generally composed of multiple chromosomes.2. It constitutes a single chromosome.
3. Nucleoplasm and nucleolus are found in eukaryotic nucleus.3. Nucleoplasm and nucleolus are not found in nucleoid.
4. It is generally spherical in shape.4. It has an irregular shape.
5.It has a well defined and organized structure.5. The structure is poorly organized.

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