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Question

Equational division and reduction division are also known as X and Y, respectively. Identify X and Y.

A
X-mitosis, Y-meiosis
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B
X-meiosis, Y-mitosis
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C
X-mitosis, Y-binary fission
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D
X-meiosis, Y-binary fission
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Solution

The correct option is A X-mitosis, Y-meiosis
Mitosis is the cell division where the number of chromosomes remain the same as the parent cell. For example - the formation of sporophyte from single celled zygote is due to mitosis.

Meiosis is the cell division in which the number of chromosomes in the daughter cells reduce by half from its parent cell. For example - the formation of haploid spores in the multicellular sporophyte is due meiosis.

Binary fission is a type of asexual reproduction which is seen, majorly, in prokaryotes where the genetic material is a single molecule of circular DNA instead of the eukayotic chromosome.

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