The reactions of donating and taking up electrons occur during electrolysis.
The number of electrons taken by electrolyte ions, or the number of electrons passing through the electrolytes, will determine how much or how many reactions occur.
Faraday's First law of electrolysis
Michael Faraday established Faraday's law of electrolysis.
According to Faraday's First Law of Electrolysis, the chemical deposition caused by the flow of current through an electrolyte is proportionate to the amount of electricity passing through it.
The amount of electricity needed to release one gram-equivalent of any material at any electrode is called a faraday, and it passes through an electrolyte.
Faraday's constant is equal to .
Formula of Faraday's first law
is the mass of the ions formed or reacted.
is the electric current.
is the electrochemical equivalent mass of one-coulomb charge.
is the current.
is the time.
When one coulomb equals one electrochemical equivalent mass of a material, one equivalent of electrons flowing per second equals equivalents mass.
Faraday's second law of electrolysis
It states, “The masses of different ions liberated at the electrodes, when the same amount of electricity is passed through different electrolytes are directly proportional to their chemical equivalent weight.”
Formula of Faraday's second law
It follows that the electrochemical equivalent of an element is directly proportional to its equivalent weight.