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Explain geometrical isomerism


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Geometrical Isomer:

  • Isomers refer to the compounds that contain the same empirical formula but differ in the structural arrangement of atoms.
  • A geometric isomer describes the orientation of a functional group in a compound.
  • Generally in a geometric isomer, the atoms are bonded by a double bond that does not rotate but it can also happen because of the ring structure.
  • Based on the position of the functional group the isomers are named cis and trans.
  • When a similar group is placed at an adjacent position the compound is named with the prefix cis
  • When a similar group is placed at the opposite position the compound is named with the prefix trans


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