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Question

Explain nutrient leaching.


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Solution

Nutrient leaching:

  • Acid rain affects soil chemistry and water bodies.
  • The most important effects of acid rain on forests are due to nutrient leaching, accumulation of toxic metals, and the release of toxic aluminium.
  • Nutrient leaching occurs when acid rain adds hydrogen ions to the soil which interact chemically with existing minerals.
  • This displaces Ca, Mg and K from soil particles and deprives trees of nutrition.
  • Thus, it washes a number of essential minerals from the soil and the depletion of these minerals is not good for the growth of plants.

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