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Question

Explain the following two sources of secondary data in India:

(i) Census of India

(ii) National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO)

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Solution

There are two important sources of secondary data in India:

(i) Census of India (ii) National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO)

(i) Census of India:

It is an important source of secondary data in India. Every 10 years, a house to house survey is carried out, covering all households in India and demographic data on birth rate, death rate, literacy, workforce, life expectancy, size and composition of population etc.are collected. This is known as the Census of India. The data collected is published by the Registrar General of India in the report 'Census of India'.

The last Census of India was held in February 2011.

(ii) National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO): Reports and publications of NSSO are another important source of secondary data in India. The NSSO was established by the Government of India to conduct regular sample surveys on socio-economic issues. They provide periodic estimates of literacy, school enrollment, employment and unemployment, manufacturing and service sector enterprises, maternity, child care, utilisation of public distribution system, to name a few.


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