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Question

Explain the function of insulin, adrenaline, and thyroxine?


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Solution

Hormones:

  1. These are some chemical substances that function as chemical messengers of our body.
  2. They are secreted by some special glands known as the endocrine glands.
  3. The endocrine glands are found throughout the body.

Functions:

Insulin:

  1. Secreted by the pancreas.
  2. Control the glucose level.
  3. Store glucose in the liver, fat, and muscles of our body.
  4. Regulate carbohydrate, fat, and protein metabolism.

Adrenaline:

  1. Secreted by adrenal glands.
  2. Provide spleen contraction to store the blood.
  3. Increase our heartbeat.
  4. Increase sweating.
  5. Decrease blood clotting.
  6. Dilate pupils.

Thyroxine:

  1. Secreted by the thyroid gland.
  2. Stimulate oxygen intake.
  3. Promote growth and maturity.
  4. Promote proper reproductive functions.
  5. Increase BMR.

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