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Question

For each of the following statements, determine whether an inclusive "OR" or exclusive "OR" is used. Give reasons for your answer.
(i) Students can take Hindi or Sanskrit as their third language.
(ii) To entry a country, you need a passport or a voter registration card.
(iii) A lady gives birth to a baby boy or a baby girl.
(iv) To apply for a driving licence, you should have a ration card or a passport.

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Solution

​(i) Exclusive OR is used because students can opt for either Hindi or Sanskrit as their third language.

(ii) Inclusive OR is used because a person can have both passport as well as voter registration card.

(iii) Exclusive OR because a lady can give a birth to a baby who is either a boy or a girl.

(iv) Inclusive OR because a person could have both ration card as well as passport.

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