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Fractional distillation is the separation of a mixture of miscible liquids into its component parts based on the difference in their boiling points. Based on this information, Fractional distillation is a __________ process.



A

Separation of a mixture into its component parts

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B

Separation of components occur due to difference in their boiling point

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C
It is a special type of distillation
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D
All of these
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Solution

The correct option is A

Separation of a mixture into its component parts


Fractional distillation is the separation of a mixture into its component parts, or fractions. In this process the chemical compounds are separated due to differences in their boiling points. The components are heated to a temperature at which one or more fractions will vaporize. It uses distillation to fractionate. Generally the component parts have boiling points that differ by less than 25 °C from each other under a pressure of one atmosphere. If the difference in boiling points is greater than 25 °C, simple distillation is used.


Chemistry

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