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Question

Genetic code is


A
Universal
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B
Non-ambiguous
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C
Triplet
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D
All of the above
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Solution

The correct option is D All of the above
  • The genetic code is the set of rules by which information encoded within genetic material, i.e., the DNA or mRNA sequences, is translated into proteins by living cells. 
  • The genetic code is highly similar among all organisms and can be expressed in a simple table with 64 entries. Hence, it is universal.
  • There is no ambiguity in the genetic code. A given codon always codes for a particular amino acid wherever it is present.
  • The coding units or codons for amino acids comprise three-letter words, 4 x 4 x 4 = 64 codons to specify 20 proteinous amino acids.

So, the correct answer is option D.

Biology

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