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Question

Give them : 
(a) dot diagram of the first member of alcohol, 
(b) abbreviated formula of the third member of alcohol, 
(c) structure of the second member of the alcohol group. 
(d) structure of alcohol with 4 carbon atoms.


Solution

(a)Dot diagram of first member of the alcohol, Methanol.  CH3OH  is 
      H
      ..     ..
H :  C : O : H
       ..    ..
      H  

(b) Abbreviated formula  of the third member alcohol, Propanol,  CH3CH2CH2OH  is 

 C3H8O

(c) Structure of the second member of the alcohol group:
           H     H           |       |  HCCOH              |       |          H    H 

(d) An alcohol with four carbon atoms in its molecule is Butanol and its structural formula,  CH3CH2CH2CH2OH  is

         H     H    H     H           |       |       |       |  HCCCCOH              |       |       |       |          H    H    H     H 

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