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Question

Gravitational potential energy is directly proportional to .
  1. height
  2. temperature
  3. speed


Solution

The correct option is A height
Potential energy, P.E=mgh
where, m is the body's mass, g is the acceleration due to earth's gravity and h is the body's height from the ground.
From the above equation, it is clear that, potential energy of a body is directly proportional to the its height (m and g are constants for a given body) from the ground. The higher the body is from the ground, the greater will be its potential energy.
 

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