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Question

How did the colonial administration respond to the growing importance of regional newspapers in the 19th century?
 
  1. By appointing British editors to supervise all local publications
     
  2. By organising a boycott of all vernacular newspapers
     
  3. By recognising English as the only language for the press
     
  4. By passing the Vernacular Press Act to curb nationalist criticism
     


Solution

The correct option is D By passing the Vernacular Press Act to curb nationalist criticism
 
The 19th century witnessed a massive growth in the number of vernacular newspapers in India. Educated Indians used these newspapers as a medium to criticise the exploitative policies of the British government. To counter this, the Vernacular Press Act was passed in 1878, which allowed the government to control and punish any 'seditious' writing. 

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